Research and Publications
Research
My research interests lie in number theory, more specifically, in the arithmetic applications of automorphic forms.
During the summers of 2012 and 2013 I was the PI on a grant at Clemson that funded an REU on Combinatorics, Computational Algebraic Geometry, and Number Theory. There is an REU and a preliminary REU as part of the Research Training group at Clemson for which I was the PI from 201618. For past research students, please scroll past the publications.
Publications
Eigenform Product Identities for DegreeTwo Siegel Modular Forms (with Hugh Geller, Rico Vicente, Alexandra Walsh) It is known via work of Duke and Ghate that there are only finiely many pairs of full level, degree one eigenforms $f$ and $g$ whose product $fg$ is also an eigenform. We prove a partial generalization of this theorem for degree two Siegel modular forms. Namely, we show that there is only one pair of eigenforms $F$ and $G$ such that $FG$ is a noncuspidal eigenform. In the case that $FG$ is a cuspform, we provide necessary conditions for $FG$ to be an eigenform, give one example, and conjecture that is the only example. Part of this work was done during the 2018 REU at Clemson University. 

Congruence primes for automorphic forms on symplectic groups (with Huixi Li) It has been wellestablished that congruences between automorphic forms have farreaching applications in arithmetic. In this paper we construct congruences for Siegel Hilbert modular forms defined over a totally real field of class number one. As an application of this general congruence, we produce congruences between paramodular SaitoKurokawa lifts and nonlifted Siegel modular forms. These congruences are used to produce evidence for the BlochKato conjecture for elliptic newforms of squarefree level and odd functional equation. 

Congruence primes for automorphic forms on unitary groups and applications to the arithmetic of Ikeda lifts (with Krzysztof Klosin) In this paper we provide a sufficient condition for a prime to be a congruence prime for an automorphic form $f$ on the unitary group $\textrm{U}(n,n)(\mathbb{A}_F)$ for a large class of totally real fields $F$ via a divisibility of a special value of the standard $L$function associated to $f$. We also study $p$adic properties of the Fourier coefficients of an Ikeda lift $I_{\phi}$ (of an elliptic modular form $\phi$) on $\textrm{U}(n,n)(\mathbb{A}_{\mathbb{Q}})$ proving that they are $p$adic integers which do not all vanish modulo $p$. Finally we combine these results to show that the condition of $p$ being a congruence prime for $I_{\phi}$ is controlled by the $p$divisibility of a product of special values of the symmetric square $L$function of $\phi$. 

On the action of the $U_p$ operator on Siegel modular forms (with Krzysztof Klosin) In this article we study the action of the $U_p$ Hecke operator on the normalized spherical vector $\phi$ in the representation of $\textrm{GSp}_4(\mathbb{Q}_p)$ induced from a character on the Borel subgroup. We compute the Petersson norm of $U_p \phi$ in terms of certain local $L$values associated with $\phi$. 

Amicable pairs and aliquot cycles for elliptic curves over number fields (with David Heras, Kevin James, Rodney Keaton, and Andrew Qian) This paper is a result of one of the projects at the 2012 REU at Clemson University. The notion of amicable pairs and aliquot cycles on elliptic curves was introduced by Silverman and Stange. They provided a very detailed analysis of these concepts for elliptic curves over the rational numbers. In this paper we consider amicable pairs and aliquot cycles over general number fields. We focus on the existence of aliquot cycles in various cases and explore some of the sublteties of dealing with primes of different degrees. 

Counting tamely ramified extensions of local fields up to isomorphism (with Robert Cass, Kevin James, Rodney Keaton, Salvatore Parenti, and Daniel Shankman) This paper is a result of one of the projects at the 2013 REU at Clemson University. Let $p$ be a prime number and let $K$ be a local field of residue characteristic $p$. In this paper we give a formula that counts the number of degree $n$ tamely ramified extensions of $K$ in the case $p$ is of order 2 modulo $n$. This result is achieved via elementary counting methods and simple group theory. 

Mixed level SaitoKurokawa liftings (with Dania Zantout) In a 2007 paper R. Schmidt constructed the congruence level and paramodular level SaitoKurokawa lifts via representation theoretic methods. We use these methods to construct SaitoKurokawa lifts of more general levels. In particular, we recover a mixed level SaitoKurokawa lift that was claimed by M. Manickam and B. Ramakrishnan.  
SaitoKurokawa lifts of odd squarefree level (with Mahesh Agarwal) In the paper On the BlochKato conjecture for elliptic modular forms of squarefree level the SaitoKurokawa lift of squarefree level and its arithmetic properties are heavily used. However, until Ibukiyama provided a construction of the Maass lifting with level in 2012 there was no correct classical construction of this SaitoKurokawa lift. In this paper we put together the classical and automorphic construction in one article as well as give the necessary arithmetic properties. We also calculate the norm of the SaitoKurokawa lift.  
Congruence Primes for Ikeda Lifts and the Ikeda ideal (with Rodney Keaton) Let $f$ be a newform of level 1 and weight $2kn$ for $k$ and $n$ positive even integers. In this paper we study congruence primes for the Ikeda lift of $f$. In particular, we consider a conjecture of Katsurada stating that primes dividing certain $L$values of $f$ are congruence primes for the Ikeda lift. Instead of focusing on a congruence to a single eigenform, we deduce a lower bound on the number of all congruences between the Ikeda lift and forms not lying in the space spanned by Ikeda lifts by considering the same primes and slightly relaxed hypotheses. In particular, we define the Ikeda ideal and show how this can be used to study all congruences instead of focusing on a single congruence. 

Degree 14 extensions of $\mathbb{Q}_7$ (with Robert Cass, Rodney Keaton, Salvatore Parenti, and Daniel Shankman) This paper is a result of one of the projects at the 2013 REU at Clemson University. We calculate all degree 14 extensions of $\mathbb{Q}_7$ up to isomorphism. We give the Galois group of each extension along with enough information about each Galois group so that one can distinguish between them. The data that accompanies this paper can be found at data.  
Classifying extensions of the field of formal Laurent series over $\mathbb{F}_p$ (with Alfeen Hasmani, Lindsey Hiltner, Angela Kraft, Daniel Scofield, and Kirsti Wash) This paper is a result of one of the projects at the 2012 REU at Clemson university. In previous works, JonesRoberts and PauliRoblot have studied finite exten sions of the padic numbers $\mathbb{Q}_p$. This paper focuses on results for local fields of characteristic $p$. In particular we are able to produce analogous results to JonesRoberts in the case that the characteristic does not divide the degree of the field extension. Also in this case, following from the work of PauliRoblot, we prove that the defning polynomials of these extensions can be written in a simple form amenable to computation. Finally, if $p$ is the degree of the extension, we show there are infinitely many extensions of this degree and thus these cannot be classified in the same manner. 

On the BlochKato conjecture for elliptic modular forms of squarefree level (with Mahesh Agarwal) This paper contains generalizations of the results of On the cuspidality of pullbacks of Siegel Eisenstein series and applications to the case of squarefree level. It also contains a discussion of the relation of the bounds on the Selmer group to the BlochKato conjecture. This discussion is absent in On the cuspidality of pullbacks of Siegel Eisenstein series and applications. The computational evidence will be removed from the final version, but will remain available here: Computational Evidence. One should note that in the main theorem we require the conductor of the Dirichlet character be divisible by the level of the modular form in question. Such an assumption is not necessary; one can take an auxilliary level divisible by the conductor and the level of the modular form and work in that level. That should make it more feasible to expand the computational data provided. 

Special values of $L$functions for SaitoKurokawa lifts (with Ameya Pitale) In this paper we obtain special value results for $L$functions associated to classical and paramodular SaitoKurokawa lifts. In particular, we construct standard Lfunctions associated to SaitoKurokawa lifts as well as degree eight Lfunctions obtained by twisting with an automorphic form defined on $\textrm{GL}(2)$. The results are obtained by combining classical and representation theoretic arguments. One should note here there is a typo in Theorem 4.5 (replace $m1$ with $\varphi(m)$) and in Corollary 4.6 (replace $m1$ with $\varphi(m)$ and remove the $m+1$ in $C_{k,m}$.) 

Level stripping for Siegel modular forms with reducible Galois representations (with Rodney Keaton) In this paper we consider level stripping for genus 2 cuspidal Siegel eigenforms. In particular, we show that it is possible to strip primes from the level of weak endoscopic lifts as well as from SaitoKurokawa lifts that arise as theta lifts with a mild restriction on the associated character. 

Pullbacks of Siegel Eisenstein series and weighted averages of critical $L$values (with Nadine Amersi, Jeff Beyerl, Allison Proffer, and Larry Rolen) This paper is the result of an REU project I directed at the Clemson REU on Combinatorics and Computational Number Theory during the summer of 2010. We study the pullback of a Siegel Eisenstein series of weight $k$ and full level from $\textrm{Sp}(6)$ to $\textrm{Sp}(4) \times \textrm{Sp}(2)$. By explicitly working out the constants in this pullback formula we are able to produce a weighted average formula for the special values $D(k1,f)$ where $f$ runs over an orthogonal basis of $S_{k}(\textrm{SL}_2(\mathbb{Z})$. 

On the cuspidality of pullbacks of Siegel Eisenstein series and applications This paper is essentially a followup paper to SaitoKurokawa lifts and applications to the BlochKato conjecture. (One should see the description of that paper for the setup of this one.) Here we remove some of the adhoc arguments used to produce a congruence between a SaitoKurokawa lift and a cuspidal Siegel eigenform with irreducible Galois representation. The results are phrased in terms of the CAPideal (an ideal analogous to the Eisenstein ideal). Some results of E. Urban are generalized which allow us to strengthen the results from earlier work to give essentially one inclusion of the BlochKato conjecture for the kth twist of the Galois representation associated to f (up to our technical hypotheses needed to produce the congruence). This paper does not include an explicit description of the relation of the main result stated and the BlochKato conjecture. Such a description is included in a forthcoming paper with Mahesh Agarwal that generalizes these results to include newforms of squarefree level. 

On the cuspidality of pullbacks of Siegel Eisenstein series to $\textrm{Sp}(2m) \times \textrm{Sp}(2n)$ This paper studies the conditions under which one can conclude that the pullback of a Siegel Eisenstein series from $\textrm{Sp}(2m) \times \textrm{Sp}(2n)$ is cuspidal in the smaller variable. It was shown by Garrett that if $n=m$, for a certain choice of section the pullback of the associated Eisenstein series is cuspidal in each variable. Here we generalize this to show that if $m$ is not equal to $n$, the pullback of the Eisenstein series is cuspidal in the smaller variable. 

$L$functions on $\textrm{GSp}(4) \times \textrm{GL}(2)$ and the BlochKato conjecture Here we use a pullback formula of B. Heim that calculates the inner product of the pullback of a Siegel Eisenstein series on $\textrm{GSp}(10)$ to $\textrm{GSp}(4) \times \textrm{GSp}(4) \times \textrm{GL}(2)$ with the SaitoKurokawa lift of a newform $f$ in each of the $\textrm{GSp}(4)$ variables and a newform $g$, allowed to vary, in the $\textrm{GL}(2)$ variable. We show how this can be used to give results towards the BlochKato conjecture for $f$. In particular, this gives a different flavor of result than SaitoKurokawa lifts and applications to the BlochKato conjecture as the freedom in the technical hypotheses there are in varying a character and here we are allowed to vary a modular form. 

On the congruence primes of SaitoKurokawa lifts of odd squarefree level In this paper we generalize a conjecture of H. Katsurada about the congruence primes of SaitoKurokawa lifts to the case of odd squarefree level. We also provide evidence for this new conjecture. 

The first negative Hecke eigenvalue of genus 2 Siegel cuspforms with level $N \geq 1$ In this short note we extend results of W. Kohnen and J. Sengupta on the sign of eigenvalues of Siegel cuspforms. We show that their bound for the first negative Hecke eigenvalue of a genus 2 Siegel cuspform of level 1 extends to the case of level $N \geq 1$. We also discuss the signs of Hecke eigenvalues for CAP forms. 

Level lowering for halfintegral weight modular forms (with Yingkun Li) This is one of two papers that resulted from the Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) of Yingkun Li that I directed at Caltech during the summer of 2008. Here we provide a level stripping result for halfintegral weight modular forms that we originally thought we would need in the work contained in Distribution of powers of the partition function modulo $\ell^{j}$. 

Distribution of powers of the partition function modulo $\ell^{j}$ (with Yingkun Li) This is one of two papers that resulted from the Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) of Yingkun Li that I directed at Caltech during the summer of 2008. In this paper we study Newman's conjecture for powers of the partition for exceptional primes. We settle this conjecture in many cases for small powers of the partition function by generalizing results of Ono and Ahlgren. 

Residually reducible representations of algebras over local Artinian rings In this paper we generalize a result of E. Urban on the structure of residually reducible representations on local Artinian rings from the case the semisimplification of the residual representation splits into 2 absolutely irreducible representations to the case where it splits into $m >2$ absolutely irreducible representations. In particular, the case of $m=3$ is needed in On the cuspidality of pullbacks of Siegel Eisenstein series and applications. 

An inner product relation on SaitoKurokawa lifts This paper consists of the calculation of the Petersson norm of a SaitoKurokawa lift of squarefree level. One should note this calculation is based on a construction of the SaitoKurokawa lift that was later shown to be incorrect. The correct construction and calculation can be found in On the BlochKato conjecture for elliptic modular forms of squarefree level with Mahesh Agarwal. The paper also has an error in section 7 due to a mistake in factoring the $L$function in Proposition 7.5. 

SaitoKurokawa lifts and applications to the BlochKato conjecture Let $f$ be a normalized eigenform of weight $2k2$ and level 1. In this paper we provide evidence for the BlochKato conjecture for modular forms. We demonstrate an implication that under suitable hypotheses if $p$ divides the algebraic part of $L(k,f)$, the $p$ divides an appropriate Selmer group. We demonstrate this by establishing a congruence between the SaitoKurokawa lift of $f$ and a cuspidal Siegel eigenform with irreducible Galois representation. The method here is essentially due to Ribet and his proof of the converse of Herbrand's theorem. 
Other publications/project writeups
SaitoKurokawa lifts and applications to arithmetic These are notes from my plenary address at the 9th Autumn Conference on Number Theory in Hakuba, Japan. The topic of the conference was automorphic forms on $\textrm{GSp}(4)$. 

Variation of Hodge Structure (with Kirsten Eisentrager, Krzysztof Klosin, Jorge Pineiro, Mak Trifkovic, and Oliver Watson) This is the short writeup from the project supervised by Johan de Jong during the 2002 Arizona Winter School. 
Reviews
Reviews of my articles on MathSciNet (subscription required)
Reviews I have written for MathSciNet (subscription required)
 PhD graduates
 Huixi Li, Clemson University, 2018.
 PhD Thesis: Some conjectures in additive number theory
 Initial Employment: 3 year postdoctoral position at University of Nevada  Reno
 Rodney Keaton, Clemson University, 2014.
 PhD Thesis: Level stripping for genus 2 Siegel modular forms
 Initial Employment: 3 year postdoctoral position at University of Oklahoma
 Dania Zantout, Clemson University, 2013.
 PhD Thesis: On the cuspidality of MaassGritsenko and mixed level lifts
 Initial Employment: Visiting assistant professor at Clemson University
 MS graduates
 Hugh Geller, Clemson University, 2016.
 Master's thesis: Ramanujan type congruences for the KlingenEisenstein series
 Rodney Keaton, Clemson University, 2010. (Jointly advised with Kevin James.)
 Undergraduate students
 Andrew Bell, Creative inquiry student, Clemson University, 2013.
 Palak Bhasin, Honors Thesis, Queens College, 2015.
 Jarryd Boyle, Creative Inquiry, Clemson University, 201617.
 Luna Bozeman, Creative Inquiry, Clemson University, 201617.
 Joel Clingempeel, Clemson University, 201113.
 Patrick Dynes, Creative inquiry student, independent study student, Clemson University 201316.
 Rivers Jenkins, Creative inquiry student, Clemson University, 2015 (jointly advised with Felice Manganiello).
 Catherine Kenyon, Creative Inquiry, Clemson University 201617.
 Yingkun Li, California Institute of Technology, 2009.
 Sam Mixon, Creative inquiry student, Clemson University, 2015 (jointly advised with Felice Manganiello).
 Sloan Neitert, Creative inquiry student, Clemson University 2016.
 Debra Parmentola, Creative inquiry student, Clemson University 201314.
 Kristen Savary, Creative inquiry student, Clemson University, 2015 (jointly advised with Felice Manganiello).
 Trevor Squires, Creative Inquiry, Clemson University, 201617.
 Bo Sun, Creative Inquiry, Clemson University, 201617.
 Ashley Stanziola, Creative inquiry student, Clemson University, 2015 (jointly advised with Felice Manganiello).
 Dalton Randall, Creative inquiry student, Clemson University, 2015 (jointly advised with Felice Manganiello).
 Brittany Rosener, Creative inquiry student, Clemson University 201314.
 REU students
 Nadine Amersi, University College London (2010 REU)
 Allison ArnoldRoksandich, Harvey Mudd College (2013 REU) (Jointly advised with Kevin James.)
 Robert Cass, University of Kentucky (2013 REU) (Jointly advised with Kevin James.)
 Beren Gunsolus, University of Minnesota (2018 REU) (Jointly advised with Felice Manganiello)
 Alfeen Hasmani, Molloy College (2012 REU)
 David Heras, William and Mary University (2012 REU) (Jointly advised with Kevin James.)
 Lindsey Hiltner, University of North Dakota (2012 REU)
 Angela Kraft, Bethany Lutheran College (2012 REU)
 Jeremy Lilly, Oregon State University (2018 REU) (Jointly advised with Felice Manganiello)
 Jennifer Loe, Oklahoma Christian University (2013 REU) (Jointly advised with Kirsti Wash.)
 Danielle Middlebrooks, Spelman College (2013 REU) (Jointly advised with Kirsti Wash.)
 Ashley Morris, Savannah State University (2013 REU) (Jointly advised with Kirsti Wash.)
 Salvatore Parenti, University of Michigan (2013 REU) (Jointly advised with Kevin James.)
 Allison Proffer, Virginia Commonwealth University (2010 REU)
 Andrew Qian, University of California  Berkeley (2012 REU) (Jointly advised with Kevin James.)
 Larry Rolen, University of Wisconsin (2010 REU)
 Daniel Scofield, Grove City College (2012 REU)
 Daniel Shankman, University of Tennessee (2013 REU) (Jointly advised with Kevin James.)
 Kimberly Stubbs, UNC  Asheville (2013 REU) (Jointly advised with Kevin James.)
 Brandon Tran, MIT (2012 REU) (Jointly advised with Kevin James.)
 MinhTam Trinh, Princeton University (2012 REU) (Jointly advised with Kevin James.)
 Rico Vicente, California State University  Long Beach (2018 REU)
 Alexandra Walsh, Brown University (2018 REU)
 Philip Wertheimer Johns Hopkins University (2012 REU) (Jointly advised with Kevin James.)
email: jimlb@oxy.edu  phone: 3232592680  office: Fowler 305 